Tecnología para luchar contra COVID-19

La inteligencia artificial, las aplicaciones y los gadgets son algunas de las herramientas que se utilizan durante la pandemia del COVID-19

Por Daniel Casillas

El mundo vive actualmente una crisis global debido a la enfermedad del coronavirus COVID-19 , mientras que los expertos buscan formas de ‘extinguir la pandemia’. Aparte de la ciencia y la epidemiología, cada vez más autoridades de todo el mundo están recurriendo a la tecnología como herramienta para resolver y mitigar el problema.

De hecho, Donald Trump y la Casa Blanca han pedido a empresas como Amazon, Apple, Facebook, Google, IBM, Microsoft, Twitter y Facebook que trabajen juntas y encuentren formas de combatir COVID-19.

Según el gobierno de los Estados Unidos, el objetivo de trabajar con la tecnología es doble. Por un lado, Facebook, Google y Twitter tienen que duplicar sus esfuerzos para combatir las noticias falsas y mejorar el flujo de información sobre la pandemia.

Por otro lado, la administración Trump ha pedido a las empresas de Silicon Valley que utilicen sus conocimientos y ayuden a los investigadores médicos a avanzar en su respuesta al coronavirus a través de la inteligencia artificial.

"Hacemos un llamado a la comunidad de investigación de Estados Unidos para que ponga las tecnologías de inteligencia artificial a trabajar para responder a las preguntas científicas clave sobre el nuevo Coronavirus", declaró Michael Kratsios, el jefe de tecnología de Estados Unidos en la Casa Blanca.

Mientras tanto, la Comisión Europea ha pedido recientemente a las nuevas empresas y a las pequeñas empresas que están desarrollando tecnologías que podrían ayudar a combatir el brote de COVID-19 que soliciten financiación rápida de la UE.

Los expertos coinciden en que es una buena idea que los gobiernos consideren la tecnología como un aliado contra la pandemia de COVID-19.

"Parece haber una buena colaboración entre los gobiernos y las empresas tecnológicas en la propagación del coronavirus y el sentido de urgencia", dijo a Metro Hajo van Beijma, director de operaciones de SingularityU Benelux y experto en tecnología y comportamiento humano.

Por ejemplo, China utilizó su fuerte sector tecnológico y específicamente la inteligencia artificial, la ciencia de datos y la tecnología para rastrear y combatir la pandemia con resultados positivos. En otras partes del mundo, la robótica, los wearables, las matemáticas e incluso los aviones no tripulados se están utilizando para luchar contra COVID-19.

Otras tecnologías como las videollamadas, las teleconferencias e incluso los servicios de streaming están desempeñando un papel social muy importante para ayudar a las personas a afrontar mejor la cuarentena. Por lo tanto, según Hajo van Beijma, esta crisis podría incluso ayudar a mejorar el software… en nuestros cerebros.

"Una crisis puede unir a la gente y si actuamos sin interés personal o empresarial, pero centrándonos en ayudarnos unos a otros y tratando de entender la situación de cada uno, esta crisis podría llevar a una mejora global del software de empatía en nuestros cerebros y tener un efecto muy positivo en el mundo", concluyó.

4 formas en que la tecnología puede ayudar a combatir y mitigar COVID-19

Inteligencia Artificial
La IA ya se ha utilizado para diagnosticar la enfermedad del coronavirus. Una compañía llamada Infervisión desarrolló un software que detecta automáticamente los síntomas a través de imágenes de topografías computarizadas, lo que ayuda a los trabajadores de la salud de primera línea a detectar y monitorear la enfermedad eficientemente.

Drones
En China y España, las autoridades comenzaron a utilizar aviones teledirigidos para identificar a las personas que salían durante la cuarentena y advertirles que volvieran a casa. Los vehículos aéreos no tripulados también se utilizan para transportar muestras médicas y material de cuarentena con un riesgo mínimo.

Robots
En China, los ciborgs se utilizan en los hospitales para entregar alimentos y medicinas a los pacientes, tomarles la temperatura e incluso rociar desinfectantes en las instalaciones.

Chatbots
El uso efectivo de los chatbots puede ser una forma muy eficaz de hacer frente a la pandemia. Uno de ellos se llama WeChat. Ayuda a la gente a acceder a servicios de consulta de salud gratuitos en línea.

ENTREVISTA

Hajo van Beijma
COO en SingularityU Benelux

 

Hajo van Beijma

P: ¿Qué tecnologías se están utilizando para combatir la pandemia de COVID-19?
– En este momento se están utilizando muchas formas de IA que utilizan los conjuntos de datos más actualizados de los institutos de salud de todo el mundo, pero también datos disponibles en línea en las redes sociales y los teléfonos inteligentes. Parece haber una buena colaboración entre los gobiernos y las empresas de tecnología en la propagación del coronavirus y la sensación de urgencia que llegó demasiado tarde.

P: Cuéntenos más sobre otras tecnologías
– Las predicciones con el aprendizaje automático podrían mejorarse, pero creo que el lado humano de la tecnología, la potencial 5ª revolución industrial sería la mejor tecnología para usar ahora: la compasión, la empatía y el enfoque en la confianza son las mejores tecnologías para empezar a trabajar ahora.

P: ¿Cuáles son sus recomendaciones a las autoridades?
– Trabajar conjuntamente con empresas públicas y privadas. Buscar colaboraciones en lugar de tratar de decidir cambios de política muy difíciles debido a la rápida e impredecible crisis de los gobiernos por sí solos. Involucrar a las empresas, a las startups y a los institutos de investigación en la creación conjunta de una respuesta. Un gobierno es un ser lineal; necesitamos mentes exponenciales para resolver esto.

P: ¿Qué ha aprendido la humanidad sobre la tecnología y las epidemias?
– Creo que la política de aislamiento que hemos visto en muchas regiones asiáticas proviene de las lecciones aprendidas de otras crisis importantes como la del Ébola. Trabajé en programas de concientización de tecnología móvil desde nuestra oficina en Ámsterdam con mi antigua compañía para ciudadanos en Sierra Leona sobre la información del Ébola. El sentido de urgencia con las ONG locales en Sierra Leona fue mucho mejor que la respuesta de muchos gobiernos europeos en este momento.

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